31 December 2015

心魔中的十字架




60年代,少年时期在居林新邦知甲打理杂货店。前来光顾的中年马来女警员再纳,看到华人善信购买香烛祭品拜神,她赞叹为了信仰的慷慨,而她的浮脚楼住家对面一座清真寺,前往祷告的穆斯林的人潮稀落,她觉得马来人的信仰有欠虔诚。在那个连买脚车也算侈奢的年代,要散居甘榜各个角落的马来人按时前往教堂祈祷并非易事。

再纳习惯上戴头巾,是出于马来妇女的服饰需要,与今时今日包扎头巾的宗教需求无关。回想这件事,就感受当年老一辈马来人不像今天受到宗教复兴和炽热的催化,以及由政客不断灌输宗教意识,仍可做为快乐、自由自在的穆斯林。

在居林,那时的修道院学校的正门有十字架,但不会遭到其他族群抗议侵害他们的眼睛,动摇他们的信仰。在三巴央的乡区,一座基督教堂的周围有多户马来居民居住,但那都不是敏感的事情。居林前往大山脚洗衣桥的大路旁矗立一座百年的圣母玛丽亚教堂至今犹在,十字架从来不曾构成威胁,穆斯林向来无怨。因为承袭着宗教互相尊重和自由的传统精神。在全国各乡镇,各宗教寺庙各适其所是平常的事。

以前,信众在九皇爷诞抬轿出游行一两英哩,其他族群驻足围观,宽容路面上的拥挤,显示了尊重宗教仪式的差别。没有人认为喧闹的锣鼓声响会左右他人的信念。

时间溜过了半世纪,而今,一些宗教激进份子和政客为了展现本身的虔诚而不惜哗众取宠,抨击基督教的十字架令他们感到不舒服;有囯会议员把非穆斯林挂在车内祈悉愿平安的神像和吉祥物品,诟议为一种冒犯;最近,浮罗交怡新建的双层排屋的屋顶,由于毗连两屋的通风设置而从高处眺望呈现十字形,导致官爷们惊慌失措,喝令发展商漆上与屋瓦的颜色,“消灭”掉心魔中的十字架。

而刚刚过了的圣诞节,也有人认为发出祝贺有损本身的信仰。所幸柔佛州王室独排众议,否定这种极端思维,向基督徒祝贺,才止住这项争端。

从宗教到种族的区分和隔离,中庸开始被极端所挤兑。回想半个世纪前的和谐,如今能看到彼此的圆融氛围已灰飞烟灭。

突然忆起五六十年代的字票睹博。现今的万字票在五十年代是由居林鲁乃一家脚车店东主为了促销脚车而开始了“百字票”,跟着就产生千字票和万字票。当时,应势而生的大伯公解梦千字图,指导下注者从梦到的事物查寻所代表的数字,作为下注的根据。

这本红色的千字图,马来人也人手一册,因为里头有马来文翻译,这也许是最早期的民间翻译读物。那时的睹搏文化使华巫族不分彼此,常在市场和咖啡店高谈阔论,交换下注心得。

千字图内画了“梁山伯与祝英台”,马来文则译为Yusoff  dan Fatimah ,让人联想这是马来社会爱侣的代表性人物。从这历史文化中可以窥探出,当时乡下的种族之间的融汇贯通并没有像今天这样,凡事敏感、凡事有碍观瞻、凡事杯弓蛇影、凡事生安白造,以一触即发的尖锐制造事端。这些人应该从坚定的信仰中寻找自信,而不是打击和压制别人的信仰作为捍卫上的胜利。

中国报专栏  放眼江湖  31-12-2015

6 comments:

Jacky Tai said...

很多虔诚的回教徒以及马来同胞,都是谦卑和谐尊重他族他教的,但一小部分的极端派,却左右了整个社会,我看见马华有在灭火,也看见反对党在帮助巫统在点火!

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