22 September 2015

逆向种族主义的尊严




首相纳吉放行巫统鹰派的红衫军916集会耀武扬威之后表扬其“功绩”,认为它传达了不容挑战马来人尊严的讯息并作出反扑,言下之意颇有成就感以让红衫军继续得瑟。此外,他似乎偏暗於一角,无视红衫军那种“反华”的嚣张态度撒野,硬拗为和平集会,从而摧毁社会的和谐及中庸治囯的方针。尤有进者,他也活埋所创导的一马理念。

身为全民的首相,纳吉突然利用本身族群的情緖发难,这也透析出,为了巫统权势暗流汹涌的冲击和巩固权位,他使劲展示马来人的力量只是情急喝海水解渴。三两万红衫军上街头吶喊寻衅,固然令其他族群备受威胁,但那只是一时强弱在於力,沉默的大多数马来社群未必能认同这类极端举措,一个在街头亢奋叫闹的尊严只是与空气短暂结合,但却分裂了马来人的向心力,使华裔怨声载道,令其他族裔潜存了忧患意识。

与纳吉誓不两立的敦马哈迪的责怨也许过度唠叨而难以使人入耳进脑,但与巫统权斗保持观望距离的前首相敦阿都拉巴达威就断言马来人尊严受到贬损子虛乌有;前部长拉菲达连珠炮责议这场集会风暴的正当性;而主张中庸和谐的马来人非政府组织也加入战围讨伐。

巫统署理主席慕尤丁自从被纳吉撤掉副首相职位后也伺机见缝插针,指这场集会与民族尊严扯不上关系。一个大权旁落者总是在失势之后才找到良心的润滑剂。慕尤丁当权时,曾斩钉截铁宣示,一马精神以马来人为优先。如今,一些社群在他失神散魄之后不计前嫌,反而因为不满纳吉处理1MDB的财务乱象和收受疑情待解的7亿美元政治献金的手法粗糙与慕尤丁“交投甚欢”,老慕自我感觉良好,自认是华族的政治明星,这或多或少反映出他受到挤兌之后,巫统领袖与基层与他疏远的政治现实。

他促请马华与民政对当前的政局敢敢讲,马华总会长廖中莱反倒请他既然瞭解巫统内部问题,不妨以党职身份解决巫统带来916集会的后遗症。这场集会虽然对外剑指净选盟和支持行动党的华裔,但选择在华人商业密集区如茨厂街和武吉敏登起事,其意识形态犹如向全体华裔宣战。这是否纳吉试图集中精力拢络马来人的团结以自壮,宁可抛弃华社的政治版块?

916集会逞一时之勇制造种族关系紧张,并不能为納吉缷下当前的政治压力,但却给他额外吃重和招惹诟议。首先,马来社会难以认同这出师无名的集会,国阵多数成员党给予的劝告以及反对集会的立场他置若罔闻,已埋下日后他若处於更大危机时,受到狠遭舍弃的报复。

此外,由於身为巫统大港区部主席的红衫军首领嘉马尤努斯的流氓作态,对华社极尽欺凌为能事,也捣毁巫统及马来人的和善习俗并且典当了尊严。譬如嘉马趁火打刧要索取茨厂街50%摊档由马来人经营,并标签华人是猪猡,这种文化素质怎能是代表马来人的尊严。
 
中国学者王小东提出“逆向种族主义”的概念,是20世纪80年代具有代表性的思潮。按照王小东的定义,就是一种“自己对自己”的种族主义,是一种自我矮化的情绪体系;即以所谓文明的名义,对自己的民族和同胞持某种歧视的态度。

916尊严集会的诉求,在在显示搞这场运动者的思维杂乱无章,一个执掌国家主导权和控制大多数政治资源的民族,竟然对本身的优越环境自怨自艾而向他族讨索尊严,无异是自我矮化,为了无病呻吟的尊严,却把原有的尊严换取可悲可笑的无颜。

星洲日报专栏  纯属主观  22-9-2015

8 comments:

Jacky Tai said...

916加速把执政党推向悬崖,几时坠落谷底、粉身碎骨,只是时间问题。

BERSIH4.0的不完美之处,不是践踏执政者肖像的害群之马,而是被反对党骑劫了。

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