05 January 2013

自由跟另一种自由搏斗



  
有些国家的宪法精神和价值观一旦根深蒂固,碍於传统上约定俗成,人们就顾忌变革,以致自我捆绑无法挣脱。有三亿人口的美国人正为接近三亿枪枝的泛滥争论不休,到底应因应时局控制枪械的流通,还是继续捍卫拥有枪枝的自由,各有表述。

这个争论的爆发点是因为康涅狄格州一个被评选为模范社区,最安全宜居的新镇,一名20岁的白人枪杀母亲后,再到小学狂射,打死2057岁的儿童及6名教职人员。这场惊骇血腥使美国人顿时领悟到必须有应变之策,以防范悲剧一再重演。

问题的症结无法解开,因为美国的宪法保障人民拥有枪械的权利,以它作为自卫、保护家人和财物的镇慑工具。这种犯罪的邪恶东西,从另一个角度注解,又成为伸张正义的保护神。

如果要配合当前的声浪控制枪枝,对美国人一根筋维护人权和自由的精神,等於是自我剥削,精神上彻底缴械,这种拥枪自重的思维很难舍弃。反之,更多人的危机意识不是着眼於摆脱枪枝滥用的威胁,而是蜂涌购置更先进更具火力的手枪以作防备。

玩火自焚,玩枪死於枪口下这类警诫性的说法是没有说服力的,尽管这些人对惨剧寄以同情和谴责,但多数人都认为不会发生在自己身上,情愿玩枪成僻,也不相信他可能面对一个精神失常的人随时射上致命一枪。每个人都把命运交给未能确定的因素,就看谁比较倒楣而已。

美国人在宪法上享有权利,出现的作茧自缚的矛盾,看来,这种态势无法扭转。刚连任的总统奥巴马本来就可以了无悬念,对管制枪枝大刀阔斧进行改革,但因为会动摇宪法的根本而不敢轻举妄动。换言之,美国人宁可选择熟悉的魔鬼,习惯着伤痛,等下一次惨案再来悲号,也不放弃维权之下潜在的危情密布。

发生惨案的小镇,媒体本着资讯自由的原则,公布当地镇民家家户户谁有枪械的记录,这份"邻居枪手"的名单被看成是侵犯隐私,并使到拥枪者处於危境,有些人对此责怨连连。如果他们成为歹徒的目标,必然是遭到先下手为强的受害者。不过,媒体辩解,既然是可以检查的拥枪记录,也就归纳在资讯自由传播的范畴。

因此,无论是人权还是资讯自由,它始终是双刃剑,多数人在还没有受到侵犯之前都矢志维护自由权益,当另一批人也以其他自由手段彰显宪法的精神而振振有词时,宪法就形成相互对立的武器,一种自由跟另一种自由搏斗,法庭变成辨论是非的场所,但未必能解决问题的根本。世界纷乱,在於各有各说,各有各做。

中国报专栏  放眼江湖  3-1-2013

13 comments:

HuaYong said...

“法庭变成辨论是非的场所,但未必能解决问题的根本。”

抚心自问,给与你机会,你会选择一个让你自由辨论是非的国家,还是某政党某政客说了算的国家?

Alan said...

Huayong 是否认同林冠英就是妳口中的某政客,凡事他说了算包括更改党選成绩。透明,民主及公正都可以当菜吃。

胡人 said...

huayong,
这里是让你发表意见的地方,不是让你对作者指示的地方,我看你自重,除非你认为你是CM的人就由你吧,我怕!

Eric Tan said...

一众民联枪手口中的自由就可任意被他们滥用包括巡逻队成员打人,强奸和林冠英改党选成等等。自由大晒!!

阿财 said...

Huayong妳以为妳是谁?

没本事写文章却对别人指指点点,马不知脸长。

没钱买镜子吗? 我报效一面镜子给妳,但是二手的。

Thiam Teck (1983 - ?) said...

美國的民主,和大馬式的民主,其中最大的不同點,在於美國國會議員有獨立意志。不像我國,完全以黨主席的意願來決定是否通過議案。(遠的不說,只看AES辯論時朝野皆有反對之聲,表決時突然國陣議員們都投票贊成了。)

因此所謂『总统奥巴马本来就可以了无悬念,对管制枪枝大刀阔斧进行改革』,把事情看得簡單了些。

而民主、自由、人權的這些概念從來就不是完美。最終依然取決於人。但我依然相信,人應該從過去的錯誤學習,並不停作出修正。而不是通過放棄民主、自由、人權來得到更好的生活。

話說回頭,最近這部落格的留言,似乎只剩下大類。第一類是和作者持不同意見的。第二類是離題的。

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